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[These are some of the commonly used Persian & Urdu sources for researching Sikh history. While referring to these it should be kept in mind that most of the writers have a particular bias which is guiding their pen. For instance, Jehangir writes with a view to justifying his actions, while Bute Shah is writing from the perspective of once-ruling-class-turned-ruled. ]

  1. Abul Fazal Allami, Ain-i-Akbari, Eng. trans. by H.S. Jarrett, Calcutta, 1891.
  2. Abul Kalam Azad, Hijat-i-Sahhadi.
  3. Abdul Hamid Lahori, Badshah Nama, II.
  4. Abdul Hamid Siddiqi, (Trans.), Sahih Muslim.
  5. Abdul Qadir Badaoni, Muntkhab-ut-Twarikh, Eng. trans. by S.A. Ranking, Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 1848.
  6. Ahmed Shah Batalia, Tarikh-i-Hind, Sikh History Research Department, Khalsa College, Amritsar, 1826.
  7. Akhbarat-i-Darbar-i-Mualla, S.H.R. Department, Khalsa College, Amritsar.
  8. Akbar Nama, Eng. trans. by A.H. Beveridge, Calcutta, 1897-1903.
  9. Bakhtawar Khan, Mirat-i-Alam.
  10. Bhai Nand Lal, Majmua Tasnifat-i-Goya, edited by Bhai Mohan Singh, Khalsa Tract Society, Amritsar, 1963.
  11. Bhai Nand Lal, Kulliyat-i-Bhai Nand Lal Goya, edited by Dr Ganda Singh, Sikh Sangat Malacca, Malaysia, 1963.
  12. Bhai Nand Lal, Arz-ul-Alfaz.
  13. Bhai Nand Lal, Ganjnama.
  14. Bhai Nand Lal, Jot Bigas.
  15. Bhai Nand Lal, Saltanat-i-Awwal.
  16. Ganda Singh, Makhiz-i-Twarikh-i-Sikhan, SGPC, Amritsar, 1949.
  17. Ganesh Das, Risalah-i-Sahibnuma.
  18. Ganesh Das, Chahar Bagh-i-Punjab, S.H.R.Department, Amritsar, 1965.
  19. Ghulam Ali Azad, Khazana-i-Amira.
  20. Ghulam Hussain, Siyar-ul-Mutakhirin, 1785, Eng. trans. by John Briggs, London, 1832.
  21. Ghulam Mohi-ud-Din (Buté Shah), Tarikh-i-Punjab, 1848, MS # 503 Ethe. in India Office Library.
  22. Hafiz Mohammad Hussain Moradabadi, Anwar-ul-Arifin, Newal Kishore Press, Lucknow, 1876.
  23. Hakim Ram Kishan, Janamsakhi Guru Gobind Singh, Lahore, 1919.
  24. Inayatullah Khan Ismi, Ahkam-i-Alamgiri, Rampur Library.
  25. Jauhar, Tazkrah-al-Vaqiat or Private Memoirs of Emperor Humayun, Eng. trans. by Major Charles Stewart.
  26. Jehangir, Emperor, Tuzak-i-Jehangiri, Nawal Kishore Press, Lucknow.
  27. Kanahia Lal, Tarikh-i-Punjab, Lahore, 1881.
  28. Khafi Khan, Muntkhab-ul-Lubab, Asiatic Society, Calcutta, 1870.
  29. Khushwaqt Rai, Tarikh-i-Sikhan, MS # 174, Sikh History Research Department, Khalsa College, Amritsar.
  30. Maulvi Abdur Rasul, Tarikh-i-Muazzam, Persian MS, Rampur Library.
  31. Mir Jafar Ali Zatalli, Kulliyat edited by Naim Ahmad, Aligarh, 1979.
  32. Mirza Mohammad Akhtar, Tazkra-i-Auliya-i-Hind wa Pakistan.
  33. Mirza Mohammad Haider, Tarikh-i-Rashidi, Eng. trans. by Rose.
  34. Mirza Muhammad Harisi, Ibratnama, 1719, S.H.R.Department, Amritsar.
  35. Muhammad Ahsan Ijad, Farukhsiyar Nama.
  36. Muhammad Qasim Farishta, Tarikh-i-Ferishta, Eng. trans. by John Briggs, London, 1829.
  37. Murtaza Hussain Bilgrami, Hadiqat-ul-Aqalim.
  38. Mustad Khan, Saqi, Ma’asir-i-Alamgiri, Eng. translation by J.N.Sarkar, Asiatic Society, Calcutta, 1947.
  39. Nawab Shah Nawaz Khan, Ma’asir-ul-Umra, Asiatic Society, Calcutta, 1888-1891.
  40. Nazir Ahmad Deobandi, Tazkra-i-Abdin.
  41. Sheikh Ahmad Sarhindi, Maktubat-i-Imam Rabbani, 3 vols., Ganda Singh Collection, Punjabi University, Patiala.
  42. Sohan Lal Suri, Umdat-ut-Twarikh, Daftar Awal, Lahore, Arya Press, 1885.
  43. Sujan Rai Bhandari, Khulasat-ut-Twarikh, G & Sons, Delhi, 1918.
  44. Zain Khan, Tabqat-i-Babari, Eng. trans. by Sayyed Hasan Askari.
  45. Zulfiqar Ardistani (Mohsin Fani), Dabistan-i-Mazahib, Eng. trans. by David Shea and Anthony Troyer, Paris, 1843.
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